Acrylic on canvas
47 1/4 x 47 1/4 in. (120 x 120 cm.)
Signed and dated 'RAZA - 2000' lower right, signed, dated and inscribed 'RAZA / "SHANTI-BINDU"/ 120 x 120 cm. / 2000 / Acrylic on Canvas' and further titled in Devanagari on reverse
Aspects of Modern Indian Paintings, Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, New York, 27 September - 1 October, 2002.
Aspects of Modern Indian Paintings, exhibition catalogue, Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, New York, 2002, unpaginated, illustrated.
'In recent years my interpretation of the bindu has focused on the bija, the seed - this miniscule point which is energy condensed. I have no apology for my repetition of the form of the bindu. With repetition you can gain energy and intensity - as is gained through the japmala, or the repetition of a word or a syllable until you achieve a state of elevated consciousness... Now I am conceiving the bindu in white... distilled in clarity, pure and luminous, this will be Shanti Bindu.' (Geeti Sen,Bindu: Space and Time in Raza's Vision, Delhi, 1997, p. 128)
The bindu becomes Raza's most compelling image that appears on the canvas in multiple variations, suspended in a timeless zone as a magnetic force that controls the sacred order of the universe.' (ibid., p. 142) It starts off as a solid, dense, 'pure' form and evolves into concentric circles of energy that expand outward or various other geometric shapes and lines. He experiments with them in different colours as interpretations of the universe, and in these specific combinations and equilibriums, they come to represent the primary elements and other forms.
The move to a primarily white palette as seen in Shanti Bindu is Raza's way of paring the bindu down to its purest form. The concentric lines in shades of white vibrate silently outward from the central circle. The image radiates energy and becomes a meditative focal point. The mind can focus on the central form and there is nothing to distract from it. 'The inherent paradox of this image which is at once motionless, dense and opaque, and yet in movement - imbues the single form with mysterious powers.' (ibid., p. 131)
⚭ Ownership Interest
About The Artist:
SYED HAIDER RAZA (1922 - 2016)