Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989), born in Floral Park, New York, was an American photographer who created portraits and documented New York’s S&M scene. He was concerned with Classical aspects of beauty, and light, shadow, composition, and form were central to all his work. In the late 1960s, he worked as a photographer for Andy Warhol’s Interview magazine. He combined Polaroids with cut text to create collages in the 1970s. In the late 1970s, his work focused on intimate, sexually charged images that brought him significant critical attention. He also used different photographic techniques, such as photogravures and Cibachrome, throughout his career.