René Magritte (1898-1967) was a Belgian artist and one of the most influential members of the Surrealist movement. Born in Lessines, Belgium, he moved to Brussels in 1914 to study at the Académie des Beaux-Arts. In 1927, he moved to Paris but soon returned to Brussels. He achieved worldwide recognition in 1948 when he signed a contract with New York Art dealer Alexander Iolas. The artist is best known for his illusionistic images and semiotic paintings. His most popular painting was The Treachery (or Perfidy) of Images (1928–1929), otherwise known as Ceci n’est pas une pipe, which he executed in realistic style.