Pablo Picasso (1881-1978) was one of the most famous and influential artists of the 20th century. His work explored new ways of conveying figure and space through painting, collage, sculpture, and ceramics. He was born in Málaga, Spain and studied at the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid before traveling to Paris, where he settled in 1904. His career began with his Blue and Rose Periods. The artist developed the movement Cubism with Georges Braque between 1908 and 1914. The Spanish Civil War had a significant effect on the artist and is expressed in his mural Guernica (1937), one his most revered and political works. His revolutionary use of form and perspective influenced numerous artists.