Marc Chagall (1867-1985) was a French-Russian artist and early Modernist. His fantastical, narrative paintings with symbolic imagery inspired Surrealist artists. Born Moishe Shagal in Liozna, present-day Belarus, the artist was raised immersed in Jewish culture. Religious iconography, traditions, and folklore resonate in his work throughout his career. He moved to Paris in 1910 and befriended members of the French avant-garde. The artist was also known for his significant work in stained glass in addition to his paintings and printmaking. In the 1940s, he fled Europe for the United States because of the threat of persecution. He returned to France in 1948 and permanently settled there.