Josef Breitenbach (1896-1984) was a German artist who created a distinct visual language by incorporating both traditional and experimental processes within a variety of genres throughout this career. He explored form and abstraction as well as the sensual and psychological aspects of his subjects, and his work was included in important Surrealist photography exhibitions. Born in Munich he studied at Ludwig-Maximilian University but was a self-taught artist. He was most interested in using photography and color and employed a variety of techniques, sometimes combining them, including camera-less photography, montage, toning, bleaching, and hand coloring. After becoming a United States citizen in 1946, he joined the faculty of Cooper Union and later the New School.