John James Audubon (1785-1851) was a French-born American painter and ornithologist known for his study of North American birds. Born in Les Cayes, he grew up in Couëron, France and later immigrated to the United States in 1803. Working in both watercolors and oils, his work is characterized by his attention to detail and realistic representation. He achieved an element of Realism in his drawings by using wire to sets the birds in natural poses. From 1820 to 1824, he traveled around the country to paint an example of every bird in North America. He later published his monumental collection of prints, Birds of America (1827), considered to be a pioneering work in the field of ornithology.