Joan Miró (1893-1983), born in Barcelona, Spain, was a key figure to the 20th-century avant garde. He combined abstract art with Surrealist fantasy, seen in his innovative use of line, organic shapes, and color. He pioneered the style of Automatism, a method of “random” drawing that ventured into expressing the human psyche. As a sculptor and collagist, he influenced much of post-war art, including Abstract Expressionism. His move to Paris in 1920 brought him into the Surrealist circles. He received the Venice Biennale Grand Prix in 1954 and was awarded the Spanish Gold Medal of Fine Arts in 1980.