Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985) was a French painter and sculptor known as the founder of the Art Brut movement. His work is characterized by its mark-making and independent style, inspired by the artist’s fascination with the art of the untrained. Born in Le Havre, France, he studied atthe Académie Julian in 1918 but left his training. In the 1940s, he returned to painting and formed the Compagnie de l’Art Brut with André Breton, Slavko Kopac, and others. He spent thenext 40 years working in various avant-garde styles and experimented with raw materials in his art as a way of exploring primitive values.In 1962, he developed his Hourloupe style, producing many works including several large sculptures.