English School was a dominant school of painting in England through the second half of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century. Its establishment began with the emergence of native artists whose works matched the quality of continental art and influenced European painting. The early phase of the movement also included the beginning of the English landscape tradition, founded by Robert Wilson. William Hogarth, a London painter and engraver, was also an early representative of the English school and Sir Joshua Reyonds and Thomas Gainsborough revitalized English full-scale portraiture. Reynolds’ theoretical “Discourse”, delivered annually to the Royal Academy students, had significant impact on subsequent English art.