Ellsworth Kelly (1923-2015) was a 20th century American abstract painter who contributed to the Minimalist, Color Field, and Hard-Edge Abstraction movements. Born in Newburgh, New York, he went on to study at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn and the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris. While in Europe, he developed his distinctive method of painting, featuring canvases painted in a single color. By the end of the 1950s, he was internationally recognized for his canvases. In 1970, he moved to upstate New York, where he shifted his focus and created large outdoor sculptures that were more interested in color than form.