Ed Ruscha (b. 1937) is an American artist who was an important figure in the 1960s Pop Art movement and a successor of the Beat Generation for his collages and text-based pieces.His practice spans drawing, painting, photography, film, printmaking, and publishing. Born in Omaha, Nebraska, he studied at what is now the California Institute of the Arts.His work is influenced by Los Angeles, graphic arts, and Western landscapes. He sometimes uses unusual media in his work, including fruit and vegetable juices, blood, gunpowder, and grass stains. In the 1980s, his style became more mystical, as he worked with celestial themes. He has held several retrospectives in New York, Washington, D.C., London, Paris, and Munich.