Diego Rivera (1886-1957) was a Mexican painter and a leader in the Mexican Mural Movement of the 1920s. The artist was a member of the Communist party and is known for political murals, including Detroit Industry Murals (completed in 1933).Born in Guanajuato, Mexico, he studied painting at the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts in 1897 and continued his studies in Europe. Around 1917, inspired by Paul Cézanne, he began to make Post-Impressionist paintings using simple shapes and vivid colors. He returned to Mexico in 1921 and became involved in government mural program. In 1922, he cofounded the Revolutionary Union of Technical Workers, Painters, and Sculptors and focused on themes related to Mexican society in his murals.