Chuck Close (b.1940), born Charles Thomas Close, is an American artist who is one of the founders Photorealistic painting and is known for his large-scale Photorealist portraits with airbrush bursts and thumbprints. Born in Monroe, Washington, he studied at the University of Washington in Seattle and received an MFA from Yale University in 1964. He first worked in black and white and later transitioned to colorful, bright, and nearly abstract paintings. His later works combined his grid format, used to create compositions, with the expressive brushwork of the Abstract Expressionists. The subjects of his portraits are usually his family and friends, including artists such as Richard Serra, Cindy Sherman, Alex Katz, Roy Lichtenstein, and Robert Rauschenberg.