Carl Kauba (1865-1922) was an Austrian sculptor who was part of the 19th century tradition of polychrome bronze sculpture. His intricate bronzes were cast at the Roman Bronze Works andincluded several patinas to depict details. Between 1895 and 1912, his sculptures wereimported to the United States. Although he never visited America, he was interested in the West and inspired by the stories written by German, Carl May as well as the many photographs and illustrations that he had seen. He was also inspired by Indian artifacts that his American friend in Ohio sent to him as gifts.His subjects were typically American Indians, calvarymen, cowboys, and roughriders.