Basilius Besler (1561-1629), a Nuremberg apothecary, was in charge of the gardens of the Prince Bishop of Eichstatt. He began making illustrations of herbal plants of medicinal value and with the Prince Bishop’s patronage, he was able to expand his work. His publication Hortus Eystettensis (The Garden of Eichstatt, 1613) contains 374 plates and took 16 years to complete. The publication realistically depicts over one thousand flowers, representing 667 species. The principal engraver was Wolfgang Kilian. It was one of the first printed herbals to be illustrated and represented a significant effort to systematize botanical nomenclature.