Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) was one of the foremost French sculptors of the 19th century and is known for his expressive and modern depictions of the human form in bronze. He is regarded as the father of Modern sculpture and iconic works include The Thinker (1902) and The Kiss (c. 1882). Born in Paris, he studied decorative arts and sculptures and later joined a religious order, where he focused on painting and sculpting. He traveled to Rome in the 1970s and was inspired to create works with more classical subject matter. His later monumental series, including the The Burghers of Calais (1884-1895) and his portraits of Balzac, cemented his status as a sculptor with distinctive expressive abilities.