Arthur Villeneuve (1910-1990), born in Chicoutimi, Quebec, was a 20th century Canadian painter who created work within the context of “naive art” in the 1960s. He had little education and worked as barber. In 1957, he focused on painting and began covering his home with paintings and frescos in oil-based paint depicting local history and geography. When his house was completely painted in 1959, he opened it to the public. His work was shown in Montreal's Waddington Gallery in 1963 and was featured in exhibitions at the Montreal Museum of Fine arts and the Musée National des Beaux-Arts du Québec.