Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) was an Italian painter and sculptor who developed a distinctive elongated style of Modernist portraiture. Born in Livorno, Italy, he enrolled at Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence in 1902, followed by the Instituto di Belle Arti in Venice in 1903. In 1906, he moved to Paris and resided there for most of his life. From 1909 to 1914, he focused on sculpture. The artist focused entirely on painting after 1915. The influence of sculpture and African masks is illustrated in the mask-like treatment of his subjects’ faces. His only solo show during his lifetime took place at the Galerie Berthe Weill in 1917.