Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939) was a Czech painter and poster designer known for his Art Nouveau graphic style. Born in Ivancice, Czech Republic, he studied at the Academy of Art in Munich. In 1887, he moved to Paris and studied at the Académie Julian and the Académie Colaross. His illustrations for the Parisian production of Gismonda transformed poster design with its narrow, vertical orientation and life-sized portraits of women drawn in pastel colors. His posters are characterized by organic lines and rounded typefaces. He achieved commercial success in Paris, where he also created stage and costume designs. He later focused on Slav Epic (1912-1926), a series of paintings detailing the history and culture of the Czech people.